Have Your Heard of the Golden Rule?
2014-02-23 00:30:53

Now, the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.(1)

Throughout history, gold has been a sign of purity, beauty and power. Calling something "golden" means it has great quality and value.(2)
纵观历史,黄金一直纯净、 美丽和力量的标志。叫什么"金色"意味着它有很大的质量和价值。

For example, the “golden rule” is possibly the world’s most widespread moral rule. It says people should treat others the way they themselves would like to be treated.(3)
例如,"金科玉律"可能是世界上最普遍的道德规则。它说: 人们应该对待其他人他们自己会喜欢被对待的方式。

Every major religion has its own version of this idea.(4)

The “golden ratio” is found in art, architecture and nature. It describes a rectangle with a length about one and one-half times its width.(5)
在艺术、 建筑和自然中发现了"黄金比例"。它描述了一个矩形,长度约一和二分之一倍它的宽度。

Objects using this ratio in their design seem to please the eye more than others.(6)

Philosophers have their own golden idea. The “golden mean” says moderation in all things is the best way to live one’s life.(7)

It is an idea linked to the Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. Similar thoughts exist in Buddhism and Confucianism.(8)

Ancient Greek myths told of a time long ago when people lived in peace and happiness.(9)

Poets called it “The Golden Age.” A golden age now describes a historical period of great artistic, scientific or economic progress.(10)
诗人称它"黄金时代"。现在一个黄金时代描述伟大的艺术、 科学或经济进展的历史的时期。

It can even recall a time of success and popularity for an industry. For example, the 1930s and 40s were called “The Golden Age of Radio.”(11)
它甚至可以记得时间成功和受欢迎程度的一个行业。例如,20 世纪 30 年代和 40 年代被称为"无线电的金色时代"。

You may have heard the proverb “silence is golden.” This means silence is of great value -- it is sometimes better to say nothing than to speak.(12)

You might say your child was “good as gold” when he behaved well at school.(13)

British writer Charles Dickens used this expression in 1843. He was describing the child Tiny Tim in the book “A Christmas Carol.”(14)
英国作家查尔斯 · 狄更斯使用此表达式 1843 年。他描述了儿童小提姆在书"圣诞颂歌"。

In 1937, American playwright Clifford Odets wrote a play called “The Golden Boy.” This expression describes a young man who has many good qualities and a bright future.(15)
在 1937 年,美国剧作家克利福德 · 奥德茨写了一出戏叫"黄金男孩"。此表达式描述一个年轻人有很多优秀品质和光明的未来。

You might tell someone “you are golden” when that person does something very well.(16)

“Gold-digger” is another description. But this does not say something nice about a person.(17)

A “gold-digger” is someone who seeks to marry a rich person because he or she is only interested in that person’s money.(18)

Maybe you like old songs from the 1950s or 60s that are still well known and popular today. These are called “golden oldies.”(19)
也许你喜欢从 20 世纪 50 年代的老歌或至 60 年代的今天,仍然广为人知和最受欢迎。这些称为"金曲"。

In the 1980s and 90s, an American television comedy series told about four older women living in Miami, Florida. “The Golden Girls” often dealt with social issues in a funny way.(20)
在 80 年代和 90 年代,美国电视喜剧系列告诉约四个老年妇女生活在佛罗里达州迈阿密。"金色女郎"往往在有趣的方式处理社会问题。

Today, most older people look forward to reaching their “golden years.” This is when hard-working people can retire to a life of ease and fulfillment.(21)

This program was written by Mario Ritter.(22)

I’m Faith Lapidus.(23)

You can find more Words and Their Stories at our Web site, voaspecialenglish.com(24)
您可以在我们的网站上,找到更多的单词和它们的故事 voaspecialenglish.com

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